Zwemer, Gardiner’s associate into the Cairo; Sir Thomas Arnold, whom taught within the India for the majority of 16 years; and you can Lord Cromer themselves

Zwemer, Gardiner's associate into the Cairo; Sir Thomas Arnold, whom taught within the India for the majority of 16 years; and you can Lord Cromer themselves

Immediately following back to Cairo, Gairdner recommenced a busy round out-of day-after-day performs one proceeded until his passing inside 1928

The newest Twentieth century in the uk in addition to Us In inclusion to your work of your own Hungarian, German, and you can Dutch ?gures just talked about, the analysis out of Islam and grew in great britain and You, and you may lead a range of researching, as well as times contradictory, findings. Among people inside it was in fact W. H. T. Gairdner, a popular missionary in Egypt at the same time due to the fact Lord Cromer, proconsul within turn of the 100 years; Samuel M. For a long time these ?gures conveyed opposition, limited resistance, otherwise limited allowed regarding Islam. William Henry Temple Gairdner (1873–1928), an enthusiastic Oxford-trained Arabist and you may missionary to help you Egypt, represented a different inclination in the United kingdom religious attitudes to your Islam. Gairdner's views of Islam were spelled out in The Reproach away from Islam (1909). ‘‘Reproach'' (‘‘Rebuke'' regarding the changed 1920 volume one offered more twenty thousand copies), designed you to definitely what was lost from inside the Christianity was an understanding of the fresh new unity, personality, and you can soul of God, the expressions the guy functioning appear to. ‘‘The newest soul away from God 's the just investment of your own Chapel,'' he told you a couple of times. ‘‘We truly need the song notice of your memorable inside our message on the

The guy rode their bike on Cairo, giving out brochures in Arabic within societal shores as well as on streets

Muslims, perhaps not the fresh new dead crackle off disputation, however the track note away from joyous witness, sensitive invitation''-an approach unusual inside the missionary books.21 Gairdner ?rst arrived in Egypt in 1899 to function certainly one of Egyptian youngsters and you may intellectuals, mainly through weekly discussion organizations. His means was not confrontational. Muhammad, the guy said, are ‘‘a very great son, into the mixed reputation out-of white and you may tone which the absolute high kid previously displays.''22 With brush strokes that may grace a staircase color inside new Victoria and you will Albert Museum, the guy represented an excellent universal Islamic kingdom where day-after-day more two hundred mil players designed a worldwide system out of prayer and you will looked to Mecca and you can ‘‘dispersed when it comes to a giant Mix, the fresh hands where visited regarding Paci?c towards Atlantic, the uprights away from Siberia to the Zambezi, and its cardio while focusing, in person including spiritually, Mecca inside the Arabia.''23 ‘‘Islam and you will Christianity was in conflict,'' Gairdner stated, re?ecting new missionary outlook out of their go out, however, the guy as well as pleaded facing senseless Muslim– Christian competition having power. ‘‘Christianity provides usually cut the really pitiful ?gure whenever viewed looking to to meet up Islam with Islam's weapons, chatiw or fighting inside it naturally floor. . . . We owe to that high server you to observe the great Mohammed brand new summary, ?nal and de?nitive, the Soul out-of Jesus is the just investment of church.''24 Formative so you can Gairdner's perceptions with the Islam is actually a great sabbatical log off off seventeen weeks he got while it began with 1910. Immediately after 90 days during the Germany, the guy spent ?ve months at Hartford Theological Seminary in the Connecticut that have Duncan Black Macdonald, which recalled Gairdner claiming, ‘‘We emerged right here thinking that I would personally rating away from you hit-off arguments''-which had been the exact words-‘‘to make use of having Muslims and you are clearly exercises me personally merely to understand her or him.''25 2nd are thirty day period into the Budapest having Ignaz Goldziher. Shortly after their conversations Gairdner began converting The topic of Bulbs, a mystical remarks to your concept of ‘‘light'' by Persian poet al-Ghazali (1058–1128). Eventually, the guy on course having Aleppo, and you can invested time from inside the mosques talking with Islamic students. There are naturally unfinished and you can inconsistent issues in the website, while the is true of many most other missionary scholars away from his time. Particular sooner denied the fresh new theories regarding Islam given that incompatible which have Religious belief but, at the same time, anyone else accepted you to definitely Islam contains a-deep spirituality of its own. The two religions remained large apart, and you can Gairdner never discovered this new lay-aside arguments he sought for to achievements inside the conversations which have Muslims. Rather than a front attack into the Muslim viewpoints on Christ and you will this new Bible, Gairdner composed:



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发布日期:2022年05月25日  所属分类:chatiw visitors